Aristotelské vplyvy na Marxa v súvislosti s pojmom zóon politikon

Roč.70,č.1(2023)

Abstrakt
This article attempts to analyse the possible intellectual link between Aristotle's polis-related thought and Marx's philosophy in the case of zōon politikon term. In order to clarify this problem, we need to ask two questions: 1) Is it really possible to document that Marx reflected this concept or was inspired by it? 2) Are, in this case, statements of modern scholars well-founded when it comes to Aristotle's influence on Marx? I will present an affirmative answer to the first question, while the second one will be answered with significant doubts that will be based on an analysis of the primary texts. This will lead to my proposition that some scholars are trying to discover Aristotelian motifs in Marx at any cost, even in cases where it is not unequivocally provable.

Klíčová slova:
zóon politikon; Aristotle; Karl Marx; political philosophy; individual; Nancy Schwartz; Claudio Katz

Stránky:
49–61
Reference

ARISTOTELÉS. Politika. Preložil Antonín KŘÍŽ. Praha: Petr Rezek 21998.

KATZ, Claudio. The Socialist Polis: Antiquity and Socialism in Marx's Thought. The Review of Politics. 1994, 56(2), s. 237–260.

LIČKO, Dušan. Aristotelské vplyvy u Karla Marxa [online]. Brno 2022. Dostupné z: https://is.muni.cz/th/qgglp. Bakalárska práca. Masarykova univerzita, Filozofická fakulta.

MARX, Karel. Rukopisy "Grundrisse" (Ekonomické rukopisy z let 1857 – 1859) I. Preklad Mojmír HRBEK a Ruth HRBKOVÁ. Praha: Svoboda 1971.

MARX, Karel. Rukopisy "Grundrisse" (Ekonomické rukopisy z let 1857 – 1859) II. Preklad Mojmír HRBEK a Ruth HRBKOVÁ. Praha: Svoboda 1974.

MARX, Karel – ENGELS, Bedřich. Spisy I. Preklad Bohumil FRANĚK a Jaroslav BÍLÝ. Praha: Státní nakladatelství politické literatury 1956.

MARX, Karl – ENGELS, Friedrich. Marx-Engels-Werke: Band 1. Berlin: Dietz Verlag 131981.

MARX, Karl – ENGELS, Friedrich. Marx-Engels-Werke: Band 42. Berlin: Dietz Verlag 1983.

ROSS, William David (ed.). Aristotelis Politica. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1957.

SCHWARTZ, Nancy. Distinction between Public and Private Life: Marx on the Zōon Politikon. Political Theory. 1979, 7(2), s. 245–266.

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