Osvojování dovednosti čtení očima matek žáků 1. třídy

Roč.22,č.3(2017)
Studia paedagogica

Abstrakt
Cílem této studie je přispět k porozumění toho, jaký význam připisují matky žáků 1. tříd jejich právě osvojované dovednosti čtení, včetně toho, co v tomto kontextu pociťují jako čtenářský problém. Studie čerpá z dat získaných hloubkovými polostrukturovanými rozhovory s 10 matkami. Rozhovory byly pořízeny koncem 2. pololetí školního roku 2015/2016. Prostřednictvím kvalitativní analýzy dat byly identifikovány tři různé čtenářské aspirace, které matky vzhledem ke svým dětem mají: praktická (aby si dítě osvojilo techniku čtení dostatečně dobře na to, aby ji mohlo využívat ve svém každodenním životě), prožitková (aby dítě mělo rádo knihy a našlo si ke čtení pozitivní vztah) a rozvojová (aby si dítě osvojilo čtení jako hodnotu pro svůj další osobní rozvoj). Ukazuje se, že s ohledem na své čtenářské aspirace matky různým z působem nahlížejí také na to, co považují při čtení svých dětí za problém a co nikoli, respektive které jejich čtenářské obtíže vnímají velmi citelně a na kterých jim naopak zase tolik nezáleží.

Klíčová slova:
čtenářská gramotnost, čtenářské aspirace, čtenářské problémy, 1. třída, rodičovské zapojení
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